Among the main objectives of the new technologies is to make life easier and safer. In the field of construction, where you work with processes and tools that can threaten the physical integrity of workers, there are technologies that significantly increase safety in construction sites.
Discover some of the most outstanding technologies in the promotion of safety in the construction sector:
Wereables or smart equipment
The Internet of Things technology has proved very useful and, at present, plays an important role, especially when it comes to preventing risks in the construction site through wereables and other objects. In fact, devices such as helmets or smart clothes have the ability to monitor the physical activity of workers, recording the heart rate and fatigue, for example, and warning them when these levels exceed what is recommended. The generated data allows to optimize security and implement improvements in the processes that they carry out.
In case of fainting, dizziness or dehydration, there are devices capable of immediately alerting the competent people, reducing the response time to this type of incident.
Features that help reduce risks in hazardous conditions are also incorporated, such as heating jackets, cooling vests or various types of integrated lighting.
Virtual and Augmented Reality
Virtual and Augmented Reality offer numerous advantages and applications, in the case of the construction industry applied to safety, simulations stand out, since they can anticipate possible failures in machinery or in the structures’ design that may endanger the worker integrity.
On the other hand, the large amount of data that allows the Augmented Reality to be managed on the ground, means a greater margin of action for the worker and reduces their chances of making a mistake or exposing themselves to risks.
Sensors that analyze the composition of air, soil or radiation levels are common in environments that may present great risks to workers, but with new advances in technology they are becoming increasingly accurate and comprehensive resources. The emergence of the Internet of Things allows these devices to be able, not only to warn of levels of toxicity dangerous to health, but also to put in place automatic countermeasures that help reduce them, such as air filters and cooling systems.
Also, among the sensors is the identification by radiofrequency (RFI) that allows to track machinery, materials and workers. In this way, is possible to control what goes in and what goes out on the construction site, as well as warning a worker if they access a restricted area.
Drones and digital measurement systems
Drones in the construction sector are capable of performing multiple tasks of planning and progress monitoring. Its application to the safety of construction sites is clear, aerial supervision helps in the detection of potential risks, both when building and demolishing, identifying people who are in danger areas or failures in structures.
In addition, it increasingly offers more integrations with other technologies, for example laser measuring rangefinders. These have been used for a long time in the construction industry, but with a drone and combining them with GPS positioning systems, they allow for much more complex measurements. Some of these tools can also work together with a smartphone or tablet, so that data is easily visualized. There is even the possibility of measuring distances directly on a photo taken from a drone or through one of these mobile devices.
Artificial Intelligence and Big Data
Artificial Intelligence manifests a great capacity to predict risks and is a valuable resource for the construction industry. Thanks to research in this field, these predictions are increasingly accurate, increasing the perspective of workers during the planning phase of a project and warning of possible failures in its implementation.
The collection of large amounts of data for further processing is essential for the operation of Artificial Intelligence. Therefore, construction projects are increasingly generating more information, which, when segmented and parameterized, can become a very useful resource when it comes to optimizing upcoming initiatives and avoiding security risks.
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